Fears grow over Indonesia’s terrorism threat after recent attacks

fears grow over indonesias terrorism threat after recent attacks

Sumary of Fears grow over Indonesia’s terrorism threat after recent attacks:

  • JAKARTA — Two attacks and the arrest of nearly 100 suspects in recent weeks show that Islamist terrorism remains a substantial threat in Indonesia — both from pro-Islamic State cells and a potential revival of an old regional network..
  • This was the first major terrorist attack in Indonesia since a series of attacks in East Java Province in May 2018, including suicide bombings at three churches in the provincial capital of Surabaya that left more than 20 people dead..
  • Three days after last month’s attack, a 25-year-old woman opened a fire at the national police headquarters in Jakarta..
  • The lack of fatalities in the two recent attacks is in line with the observations of some experts that the capacity of Indonesian terrorist groups is weakening..
  • Former terrorist convict Ali Imron warned of lingering threats despite more aggressive arrests by the Indonesian police’s anti-terror squad, the Detachment 88, in the past few years..
  • National Intelligence Agency deputy head Wawan Hari Purwanto said the Makassar attack is likely an act of revenge following a police raid in January that led to the arrest of 20 members of the Makassar branch of JAD and the killing of two of them..
  • © Getty Images The Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict, a Jakarta-based think tank, wrote in a January report that JAD no longer has a national leadership, following the widespread arrests in the wake of the Surabaya bombings, including those of its senior leaders..
  • IPAC noted that of the more than 200 terrorist suspects arrested in Indonesia in 2020, more than half were affiliated with pro-IS cells that had no connection to either JAD or Eastern Indonesia Mujahideen, a tiny pro-IS insurgency group with limited operations in Central Sulawesi..
  • said Ihsan, also director of Daulat Bangsa Foundation, which conducts terrorism research and a deradicalization program..
  • for example by involving more family members, children and women — people who have not traditionally been regarded as soldiers.”.
  • Observers have noted a disturbing trend of a growing involvements of women in local terrorism activities, defying their traditional roles as housewives in typical fundamentalist families..
  • “This shows that pro-ISIS movements are not only about men exploiting vulnerable women, but also give room to women who eagerly want to be acknowledged as fighters,”.
  • © AFP/Jiji Another threat comes from Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), an Al-Qaeda-linked regional terror network whose cells spanned Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines during its peak..
  • The group was responsible for the 2002 Bali bombings that killed 202 people and some other major terror attacks in Indonesia in the 2000s..
  • JI, seen as anti-IS, has largely been dormant in the past decade, with JAD and other pro-IS cells and their weaker capacity dominating Indonesia’s terrorism scene..
  • But following the 2018 revision of Indonesia’s anti-terror law, which gives Detachment 88 more power and allows them to detain suspects for a longer period, there has been an increase in arrests of JI members — from 26 in 2019 to 63 last year…

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