Sumary of 50% of the population in Bihar classified as multidimensionally poor: NITI Aayog’s Multidimensional Poverty Index:
- Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Meghalaya have emerged as the poorest states in India with over 50% of the population in Bihar classified as multidimensionally poor, as per NITI Aayog’s Multidimensional Poverty Index.
- Kerala, Goa, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu and Punjab have registered the lowest poverty across India and are at the bottom of the index.
- The multidimensionality of poverty, developed on the basis of the National Family Health Survey 2015-16 will facilitate formulation of sectoral policies and targeted interventions which contribute towards ensuring that “no one is left behind”, the Aayog said in its report.
- Under the sustainable development goals, India aims to reduce “at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions”.
- The Aayog has retained the 10 indicators of the global MPI while computing the national, essentially to be closely aligned to the global methodology and rankings, it said in its report.
- India’s MPI has three equally weighted dimensions, health, education and standard of living – which are represented by twelve indicators namely nutrition, child and adolescent mortality, antenatal care, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, housing, assets and bank accounts.