Sumary of Decoupling economic growth from emissions in the Middle East and North Africa:
- Economic growth plays a critical role in raising living standards and enabling human progress.
- However, economic growth needs to decouple from negative environmental consequences, as these, in turn, degrade the very foundations of human development.
- One example of a negative environmental consequence is airborne emissions that lead to climate change and air pollution.
- To meet any emissions reduction target, the minimum requirement is that economic growth decouples from emissions growth.
- Hence, at best, emissions would be reduced from year to year, at a steady pace, even if the economy grows—a process called absolute decoupling.
- At second-best, the growth rate of the economy would outpace the growth rate of emissions—a process called relative decoupling.
- No decoupling of emissions from economic growth in MENA The Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) is the only region in the world where greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are not decoupling from income growth.
- The decoupling processes can be visualized as is done in Figure 1 for a world average as well as for Europe and Central Asia (ECA) and MENA.